Principals and management teams have a key role to play in promoting and implementing emergency planning and preparedness.
This information outlines leadership obligations, along with suggestions for engaging your community and where to get support, so that your school is better prepared for:
What’s the Plan Stan? helps principals and management teams as they work with staff to plan curriculum-based education for managing emergencies.
What’s the Plan Stan? aligns with the vision, values, and principles of The New Zealand Curriculum. Emergency event education grows resilience and awareness and helps students connect to and participate with their community. In taking a localised approach, schools can focus on the emergency events that are most likely to happen in their area and spread the message of preparedness across the community.
What’s the Plan Stan? provides a framework for teachers to design learning opportunities that develop the key competencies. It offers authentic, wide ranging and increasingly complex contexts that challenge students’ ideas and responses.
Emergency event education fits well with the learning areas of health and physical education and social studies.
For more information about teaching and learning about emergency events, see Information for teachers
Principals and management teams lead their school in preparing for emergency events by:
Practices and simulations help students and teachers become familiar with the actions they need to take immediately after an emergency event.
Practise the immediate response that students and teachers should take in the case of a specific emergency. Example: Drop, cover, and hold during an earthquake.
Participants: Students, teachers, other school staff
Frequency: This should be done frequently at least once a term.
Practice evacuating the school in case of an emergency event.
Participants: Students, teachers, other school staff, parents/caregivers
Frequency: This should be done less frequently. We suggest once a year.
Simulate the response of different people and response agencies in a simulated emergency event. Example: simulating the roles of different groups that can help after an earthquake.
Participants: Students, teachers, other school staff, agencies: Police, Fire, Ambulance, Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management
Frequency: This should be done less frequently. We suggest once every two years.
School management, Boards of Trustees, and Civil Defence can work together to help mitigate the impacts of emergency events.
The safety and wellbeing of staff and students is a priority of every Board of Trustees. The following information outlines the content of school policies and procedures, as well as ERO expectations and legislatory requirements. Boards of Trustees (BOT) can be involved in implementing What's the Plan, Stan? at a governance level by:
The Board of Trustees is legally required to provide effective emergency procedures and planning to ensure the safety of all students and staff.
The Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 is a comprehensive document that sets out requirements to ensure the safety of everyone in the workplace.
The New Zealand School Trustees Association and the Ministry of Education have developed a comprehensive guideline which provides an overview of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (HSWA). This document Health and Safety at Work Act 2015: A practical guide for Boards of trustees and school leaders clearly outlines the responsibilities of boards of trustees and school leaders. It provides information and tools to support schools/kura to understand the requirements of HSWA and its regulations and implement good health and safety practices.
The policies/procedures and tools contained in the guide are also available on the Ministry of Education website.
National Administration Guideline 5 states that each Board of Trustees is required to:
When the Education Review Office conducts school reviews they may ask questions relating to civil defence emergency management, or ask to view your emergency planning. For example has the Board of Trustees:
While BOTs are not required to attend or manage drills, you are required to have an emergency plan. As part of the BOT's safety obligations the board must ensure an emergency plan is prepared for the workplace. The emergency plan must:
The board will need to maintain and keep the emergency plan up to date to ensure that it remains effective. The key components of what are usually covered in an emergency plan are outlined in Factsheet Topic 5: Workplace Management (Part 1).
Involvement at a governance level after an emergency event will vary depending on the size and location of your school and your level of community response. For some schools, the school buildings may be used by Civil Defence as an evacuation centre, and while Civil Defence are managing that process, you may need to be available should any problems arise.
As property managers of the school, the aftermath of an emergency event could be extreme. Plans should be in place for what will happen in the event of a loss of power, water and internet, in terms of health and safety and the impact on teaching and learning programmes. Boards will need to work very closely with school management and Civil Defence to help mitigate the impacts of emergency events.
To help with planning, consider the ‘What are the Impacts’ scenarios on Never Happens? Happens.